Friday, February 10, 2012

Some of my Favorite Gold and Base Metal Prospects

Miners Delight mine, South Pass, Wyoming
Underground in the Carissa mine, South Pass, WY
Last night I was thinking about all of the gold, platinum-group metal, base and precious stone deposits I've looked at or studied. If one were rich and could get some senators in their pocket, they might be able to make a few mines. Anyway, these are my choices for some good properties.

1. Donlin Creek, AK
2. Rattlesnake Hills (Sandy Mountain), WY
3. Carissa, WY
4. Mexican Hat, AZ
5. Gold Coin, AZ
6. Lost Basin, AZ
7. Vulture Mine, AZ
8. Kurtz-Chatterton, WY
9. Bear Lodge, WY
10. Julian Creek, AK
11. Wolf, WY
12. Drum Mountains, UT
Goldfields, Arizona
13. Miners Delight, WY
14. Mineral Hill, WY
15. South Pass City-Atlantic City-Miners Delight shear complex, WY
16. Penn Mine Complex and altered zone, Seminoe Mountains, WY
17. Copper King, WY
18. Ferris-Haggarty, WY
19. Bannack, MT (and dozens of other gold properties in Montana)
20. Alder Gulch, MT
21. Confederate Gulch, MT
22. Whitehall, MT
23. Zortman, MT
24. Kendall, MT
25. Bear Lodge, WY (Au, REE, Th)
26. Puzzler Hill, WY (Au, Cu, Pt, Pd, Ag)
27. Bald Mountain Porphyry, Kirwin WY (Cu, Ag, Au, Pb, Zn)
28. The entire withdrawn Absaroka Volcanic Range, WY, MT (Au, Ag, Cu, Zn, Pb, W, Ti) (this range has $hundreds of billions in resources, reserves and deposits waiting to be found. But the USFS piecemeal withdrew the entire mountain range over the years).
29. Grizzly Creek colored gemstone deposit, WY (iolite, kyanite, ruby, sapphire).
30. Sherman Mountain colored gemstone deposit, WY (iolite, labradorite)
31. Colorado-Montana-Wyoming diamond province (diamond and other gems).
32. Tabor Grand Mine, WY
33. Duncan Mine, WY
34. Stockwork complex south of Sandy Mountain, Rattlesnake Hills, WY
35. Alkalic intrusive stocks in the Rattlesnake Hills, WY
36. Leucite Hills, WY (diamonds)
37. Copper Creek district, AZ (this district appears to have very high potential, but the US Government allows illegals to run freely through nearby federal parks closed to US citizens, makes it very difficult and dangerous to prospect.

Underground at the Mary Ellen mine, South Pass, Wyoming. Note the faulted
gold-bearing quartz vein in metatonalite.

Underground at Superior Arizona

Wednesday, February 1, 2012

GOLD & DIAMOND PROSPECTING - Free downloadable publications.

Coffee before rock hunting - sketch by the Gemhunter
Free Down loadable Publications to help you prospect (if you have problems down-loading these, please look at our website where we have these and others attached as pdf down-loadable documents.

GOLD PROSPECTING

MINERALS & ROCKS of WYOMING

GUIDE TO PROSPECTING & Rock HUNTING

SEARCHING FOR PLACER DIAMONDS

MINERAL RESOURCES of the SWEETWATER CANYON WILDERNESS STUDY AREA (South Pass)

KIMBERLITES & LAMPROITES in COLORADO & WYOMING (diamonds)

METALLIC MINERAL DEPOSITS IN WYOMING

BIG CREEK PEGMATITE (area for rare earths, copper and gold)

GEOLOGY & DIAMOND TESTING

ORE DEPOSITS of WYOMING

ECONOMIC GEOLOGY of the COPPER MOUNTAIN district (gold, copper, gemstones). This would be a good place to prospect for aluminum-rich gems such as ruby, sapphire, iolite, kyanite, etc).

TITANIFEROUS MAGNETITE DEPOSITS (this is a very interesting area that likely has enormous resources of titanium and vanadium - it is also located near some very large labradorite and iolite gemstone deposits.
Paleoplacer gold. This is a stream deposit that has solidified over time. To mine this, one would have to blast. The largest gold deposit in the world is located at the Witwatersrand, South Africa and is in a paleoplacer


FIELD GUIDE TO THE SEMINOE MOUNTAINS (this area has significant gold and iron resources and likely has some nice gold in DeWeese Creek. We also identified a large paleoplacer gold deposit along the northern flank of the range near the Miracle Mile as well as evidence for a very rich diamond deposit) .

Underground in the Comstock mine, Sketch by the
Gemhunter.

Gold Mining Challenges

Shorty (Sketch by the author).
Government may or may not grant permits to explore or mine, water permits, drilling permits, etc. This is their privilege (at least this is what they will tell you) and we have little recourse unless you have a relative in the Senate or a herd of lawyers to milk your bank account dry. Permits can cost a fortune and take years to obtain (if at all).

A friend of mine and his family were granted a small mining permit on an old gold mine at South Pass that already existed and he even decided to avoid using any chemicals just so he could get a permit in a relatively short time - it took 11 years along with bankruptcy. The DEQ rangers in charge of this permit were not competent (they actually called me to ask about the chemicals they detected in the area - arsenic and carbon: arsenic is natural in this environment as a sulfide and carbon proved there was life on earth).

When I ran exploration in the US for diamonds for an Aussie company, we applied for permits to drill 150 feet deep to test a structure for kimberlite (and hopefully for diamonds). It took nearly 5 months to get the permits, but we had to get permits from Larimer County, Colorado State DEQ and the US Forest Service just to drill one shallow hole. Then the permit was delayed again while our company had to wait more than a week for a forest ranger to drive out to the field to inspect the site.

Obamacare is nothing new - miners of the 19th had an equivalent
they circulated in mines.
One property we leased to put into production had an active stream adjacent to the property and also had water in shear zones (faults) associated with our diamond-bearing kimberlites. Our plan was to build a small mill on the property to mine the diamond ore in Colorado. The state and county (even though they were nearly bankrupt) would not allow us to touch any of the water nor build a mill on the property. So we finally found a permitted sand and gravel quarry miles away to haul ore from the kimberlite to the gravel pit (although this would have been very costly). Next, the county told us they would not grant us a permit to use haul trucks as they did not want us to kick up dirt in the area.

I've been asked many times why did I not claim and develop many of the gold and gemstone deposits I found over the years. The answer is easy.

(1) It was considered unethical for me to claim anything I found or anyone else found while I worked at the Wyoming Geological Survey. However, any politician, any University of Wyoming faculty or staff, or any other state employee could file mining claims. I was the only person (besides another geologist - Ray Harris- who lost his life while working at the WGS) in the entire state who could not file a mining claim. But it was fine with me as I loved to search for new mineral deposits and publish reports and maps.

(2) I learned years ago that it required a fortune to put anything in production. Here are some examples:

Note the quartz veins in the back (roof) of the mine.
After I discovered gold in the Rattlesnake Hills, I figured it would be a  year or so before companies began to explore this region and hopefully outline a minable gold deposit in this favorable terrain. Commercial amounts of gold have now been established in this mining district. Yet it has been more than 30 years and there is still no mine in the Rattlesnake Hills. Even so, there is no question that the major gold deposit that has been outlined at Sandy Mountain, is similar to Cripple Creek, Colorado. Some drill intercepts by Canyon Resources, Newmont Gold and more recently by Evolving Gold have shown considerable gold at depth. The geology of this district is extraordinary and amazing that it sat there until I discovered gold in several types of deposits in 1982. It is a greenstone belt. Greenstone belts are terrains of old Precambrian rocks (former volcanic and sedimentary rocks) that have above normal gold content. This belt was intruded by at least 42 Tertiary (volcanics) alkalic volcanoes and dikes that acted as heat engines to mobilize the gold and concentrate it near these volcanic rocks. It is highly likely that this district has many more hidden and blind gold deposits. In addition, there are also gold deposits in exhalites and in stockworks.

In Alaska, a group of geologists (including me) found one of the largest gold deposits in North America - a deposit that has 4 times as much gold mined in the Klondike. This was discovered in 1988, yet it is still not in production. Why? It is simple - the deposit is located in the middle of nowhere. Recently it was reported capitalization for this gold mine would be as much as $7 billion dollars! Seven billion dollars to build the mine, mill, infrastructure and pay for government permits.

Narrow veins everywhere (white). These and the wall rock inbetween should all be sampled for gold content.
Unfortunately, government agencies tend to think most people are morons and then try to protect our lands from us. I observed this while working in Wyoming for 3 decades as the US Forest Service and US Bureau of Land Management piecemeal withdrew public lands every time there was a possibility for a mine. In the 1970s and 1980s, the Feds began taking one of the largest base and precious metal rich regions in the US. The Absaroka Mountains east of Yellowstone were withdrawn, piece by piece to provide a giant protective boundary around Yellowstone National Park. This might be compared to withdrawing the solar system to protect the sun - it just doesn't make sense.

Yellowstone is one of the most caustic geological terrains in the world and why would such a geological environment that is larger than some states need to be protected by a border that is just as big?  The answer - it doesn't.

The Absaroka Mountains likely have many tens of billions in base and precious metals as it includes giant massive, replacement deposits, porphyry copper deposits similar to those mined in Arizona, veins, mineralized breccias and more. Yet over the years, this area was hacked to death by the Feds with wilderness, primitive, roadless, and other types of withdrawals.

I watched the same happen to the volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits in the Sierra Madre Mountains. Enormous resources of copper, zinc, gold, silver, platinum, palladium all withdrawn every time someone made a discovery. Potentially $billions of metals kept from the public.

Now its happening to South Pass. First, a million ounce+ gold deposit was withdrawn by the state. Now the rest of this gold-rich greenstone belt is being piecemeal withdrawn by the State and Federal government. 

Historically, Wyoming should have produced 50 to 200+ times as much gold as it did. But it hasn't. However, there are tremendous gold resources that are now tied up in withdrawals in the Absaroka Mountains, Yellowstone, Sierra Madre and South Pass.

These are just a few of the many problems related to prospecting and mining. The US Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management have confiscated public lands. The only solution is to drastically cut government, eliminate the BLM and FS and only vote for politicians who agree to reverse these withdrawals. Our country has incredible natural resources under its public lands that are not open to the public. 

Sketch, by the author